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Full text of "X Collection 168"



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Deutsche und Slowenen 
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Von Gymnasiat-Prof. Dr. Martin Wutte. 



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Herausgegeben vom Gescbicbtsverein fiir Karnten. 



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CARINTHIA, 


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VIENNA, 1945 
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Deutsches Element in slovenischen Sageri 
des karntischen Oberrosenthales. 

Von 

R. DORNWIRTH - Klagenfurt. 

losenthal nennt der Karnter die ungefahr 40 Kilometer lange 
Sr u Drauthales vom zungenfdrmigen Flusswerder bei 

. Wernberg o. Villach angefangen bis zum ostlichen Sattnitzab- 
sturz der Skarbin. Im Suden begleiten es die zerrissenen Karawanken, im 
Norden nut oft senkrechten Abstiirzen die Sattnitz. Bis zum Einrisse des 
grossen Suchagrabens unterhalb Maria Elend heisst es Oberrosenthal und 
.st von rem slovenischer, fast durchweg Landwirtschaft treibender Bevb'l- 
kerung ungefahr 8000 an der Zahl, bewohnt. Es ist ein kraftiger Men- 
schenschlag; die Leute sind arbeitsam und intelligent und unterhalten mit 
den deutschen Nachbarn lebhafte Fuhlung. Ist ja iiberhaupt der Karnter- 
S ovene in seinem materielleri wie geistigen Verkehre sozusagen einzig und 
allein auf den deutschen Landsmann angewiesen und verkehrt verhlltnis- 
mass lg wemg mit seinem Stammesbruder in Krain, von dem ihn die haufig 
unwegsamen Karawanken scheiden. Jahraus, jahrein wandern daher Kinder 
slovenischer Bauern auf die sogenannte deutsche Seite, urn sich dort 
d.e deutsche Sprache anzueignen. *) Dass die Heimkehrenden dann auch 
manches deutsche Sagenkdrnlein mitbringen und es in heimischen Boden 
verpflanzen, hegt zutage, und so erklart es sich denn auch, wie sich so 
manche slovenische Sage auf deutscher Grundlage aufgebaut hat. Einige 
solcher Sagenaus dem Oberrosenthale, die ganz entschieden deutschen 
■tLinfiuss aufweisen, mb'gen nun folgen. 

Vor alien: 1 ist es die deutsche Perchta-Sage, die hier fruchtbaren Boden 
f "• if" I, Ak Pehtfa ~~ ° der Perc htrababa - (ein aus deutschen und 
a I ? .",- E1 ^ menten zusammengesetztes Wort) — ist sie hier eingezogen 
id hat die Jaga Baba, den Winterdamon der alten Slovenen verdrangt 
Wiewohl sie zu verschiedenen Zeiten des Jahres erscheint, so ist doch die 
/.eit der Wintersonnenwende ganz insbesondere die Zeit ihrer Wanderun- 
ge n unter d en Menschen. Wie bei dem deutschen Nachbar erscheint sie 

2 J JeS ° nd " s 7 a / dies vor d er gegenwartigen Schulgesetz-Ara der Fall. 

, , „.' ., nd der Zeitschrift fur Volkskunde, Heft II S. 413 ff. brachte Schmidt sefrr 
:rcnSVslf Ungen H ttber , den Perch '™g>- b - M d en Slc-vent, 3 und kommt zu dem £ 
^SSSTa b , Chl " Sse - dass der namentlich in Oberkrain weit verbreitete Perchtenglaube mit 
anderen deutschen Sagenelementen durch deutsche Einwanderer in jene Gegenden gebradt 
worden. In Karnten liegen, wie oben erwahnt, die Verhaltnisse anders. ^"^ gebraCht 

Zeitschrift fur Volkskunde I[[ 



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Namenkunde und Sprache. 



#22 



X-DB286 

,.Slowenischer Bodeu ist Karnten, slawisch- seine Flufi- 
und FJurnamen, seine Berg- und Ortsnamen", so posauuen die 
jugoslawischen Blatter ihren Lesern ins Ohr, solclie Kunde ver- 
mitteln sie der Entente, um ihr Unrecht gegeniiber Karnten zu 
eineni Anrecht zu.stempeln; der Larm der Presse soil die Stimme 
der Wahrheit nbertmien. Darf dazu die Wissenschaft, die Wabr- 
heitsucherin, schweigen? Es ware Feigheit, wenn sie sich in den 
Tag-en. da soviel Liigen gebraut werden und soviel Hafi auf- 
lodert, verkrOche und ihr edles Banner nicht aufpflanzte iiber 
dem von Leideuscliat'ten zerwtihlten Schlachtfeld der Mensclien 
und Meinungen. 

Zu Ende des seclisten Jahrhimderts wanderten die Alpen- 
slawen, von den Avaren getrieben, in Karnten ein, das sie mit 
ihren asiatischen Zwingherren teilen nmfiten. Um die Mitte des 
achten wurden sie mit bayriseher Hilfe vom Avaren joche be- 
freit. Damit beginnt der deutsche Einschlag, die deutsche Be- 
siedlung und die deutsche Geschichte des Landes. Seit mehr als 
einein Jahrtausend siedeln demnach Germanen and Slawen in 
Karnten und neben ihnen noeh ein drittes Volk. das freilich .im 
Laufe der Geschehnisse seine Sprache aufgab, aber gleichwohl 
dem Karntner rassenmafiig ein eigenes Geprage aufdrlickte: die 
vorslawische, zunachst keltisierte, dann teilweise romanisierte 
Urbevolkerung, die zur Zeit der deutschen Einwanderung noch 
nicht vollig im Slawentum aufgegangen war, wie uns Orts- 
namen lehren; so Walaha (d. h. Wiilsche) im mittleren Mblltal, 

^ _^jetzt verschollen, so Wallersberg bei Volkermarkt, so Jaunstein, 
/// -tal (alt Juna), so Iischen bei Oberdrauburg (alt Ursin, von lat. 

— Ursinus), so Federaun bei Villach (alt Veterona, Vedronum) und 
noch manche andere. Schon diese geschichtlichen Grundtat- 
sachen widersprechen den Behauptungen der siidslawischen Presse. 
Karnten war uie rein slawisches Siedlungsgebiet, nie eine „an- 
•ienne province yougoslave", wie sie sich im Kopfe eines Fa- 
luancic malt;*) die Sudslawen haben daher kein Recht, es aus 
historisdieu Griinden fur sich zu beanspruchen. Dagegen sprechen 
itber mit deutlicher Stimme audi die geographischen Namen, die 

*) „La Serbie" vom 29. April 1917. 



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Druck von Jolj. Ceon sen. in Klagenfurt. 



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YUGOSLAVIA* 4 



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by y 
J. B. TITO 

Marshal of Yugoslavia 

DR. JOSIP'SMODLAKA 

Commissioner of Foreign Affairs in the National 
Liberation Committee of Yugoslavia 

FRANBARBALICH 

Expert on Italo-Yugoslav Problem 

Edited, with ^Foreword by 
LOUIS "ADAMIC 



TH^UNITED COMMITTEE OF SOUTH-SLAVIC AMERICANS 

NEW YORK, N.Y, 



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1945 



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TRIESTE *n 



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A. J. P. TAYLOR 

Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford 



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UNITED COMMITTEE OF SOUTH - SLAVIC AMERICANS 
465 Lexington Avenue, New York 17, N. Y. 



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RIESTE 




by 



7T 

A. J. P. TAYLOR 

Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford 



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UNITED COMMITTEE OF SOUTH -SLAVIC AMERICANS 

465 Lexington Avenue, New York 17, N. Y. 





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THE POPULATION DEVELOPMENT 

OF TRIESTE 

AND ITS NEAR ENVIRONS 






by 




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SVETOZAR ILESlC, Ph. D. 

Lecturer in Geography in the University of Ljubljana 


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. LJUBLJANA, 1946 

Published by the Research Institute, Section 
for Frontier Questions 




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TRIESTE 
AND THE LITTORAL 

(A SHORT GEOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE) 



by 

ANTON MELIK, Ph. D. 

Professor of Geography in the University of Ljubljana 
and Member of the Slovene Academy of Arts and Sciences 



LJUBLJANA, 1946 

Published by the Research Institute, Section 
for Frontier Questions 









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Ing. D. Gustincicl-. 

, Ms 



TRIESTE 

o il problema 

della delimitazione dei confini 

fra la Jugoslavia e l'ltalia 



Ljubljana 1946 



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TRIESTE 

LE POINT DE VUE YOUGOSLAVE 




MEMORANDUM 

DU GOUVERNEMENT YOUGOSLAVE 

SEPTEMBRE 1945 



EXPOSES 

DE 

M. EDOUARD KARDELJ 

Vice-President du Coriseil 

ML LJUBO LEONTIC, 

Ambassadeur de Yougoslavie a Londres 



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M. SAVA KOSANOVIC, 

Ministre de l'lnformation 



tDUl PAR 

LE BUREAU DE PRESSE 

DE L'AMBASSADE DE YOUGOSLAVIE 

PARIS 1946 



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L'UNIQUE SOLUTION -/ J 

LE HINTERLAND : A LA YOUGOSLAVIE 
LA VILLE : AUTONOME 

(ETAT MEMBRE de la FEDERATION YOUCOSLAVE) 

LE PORT: INTERNATIONAL 



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TRIESTE HANDBOOK 



1950 



THE TRIESTE HANDBOOK HAS BEEN PREPARED AND 
PUBLISHED BY THE INFORMATION AND PUBLIC RELA- 
TIONS DIVISION OF ALLIED MILITARY GOVERNMENT, 
BRITISH/UNITED STATES ZONE, FREE TERRITORY OF 
TRIESTE, IN COLLABORATION WITH THE INFORMATION 
OFFICE OF THE ECONOMIC COOPERATION ADMINIS- 
TRATION'S SPECIAL MISSION TO TRIESTE. FACTS AND 
FIGURES CONTAINED IN THE HANDBOOK ARE BASED 
ON THE MOST ACCURATE INFORMATION AVAILABLE 
AS OF 1 MAY 1950 AND REFER ONLY TO THE BRITISH/ 
UNITED STATES ZONE, FREE TERRITORY OF TRIESTE, 
EXCEPT AS NOTED. 




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• REVISED 1 MAY 1950 







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Cover) 







This article, published recently in the 
Italian press, is by the well-known 
Italian journalist Donato Martucci. 

It has been translated because it explains 
the main points of the Italian Govern- 
ment's attitude and accurately reflects 
current Italian opinion on the Trieste 
question. 

November 1953 



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Trieste 



The 



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At the nort 
which are Italy' 
Adriatic. It is < 
lies a gulf calk 
there was yet nc 
wrote of this gv 
her boundaries 
accepted fact in 

Now we are 
back. Caesar is 
Gallico" he tell 
geste (Trieste) 
Alps. Fifty-thre> 




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HO SHOULD HATE 
TRIESTE? 



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LJUBLJANA i953 









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EMBASSY OF THE FEDERATIVE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC 
OF YUGOSLAVIA. 

Information Office : 

195. QUEEN'S GATE. 

LONDON. S.W.7. 

Tel.: KEN. 3400 



(- '/ f£ l 

. 



*37 





9 th July 1953 



Dear Sir/Madam, 

I have -oleasure in sending you a copy 
\q£ an article on the Trieste question entitled 
ySw^oslavia is Ready to Talk", published in 
ythl^view of International Affairs" of June 16, 

I hope you will find this article inter- 
pctini since it puts forward clearly the 
lugc-slav standpoint, that is the setting up 
of a condominium on the Free Territory e 
Trieste. 

Yours very truly, 

(A. Sokorac) 
press Counsellor 



J 







X-D85Z-I 



4 3 7 



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YUGOSLAV EMBASSY 

Information Office, 
195 Queen's Gate, 

London. S.W.7. 



If: 



YUGOSLAVIA IS HEADY TO TALK 



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The development of the Trieste problem during 
the past few years has clearly revealed the fundamental 
differences of principle between the Yugoslav and 
Italian standpoint on this question. 

The Yugoslav standpoint is based on the wish to 
achieve an agreement enabling permanent co-opa ration 
between the two countries, while the Italian objective 
is to impose a settlement which would constitute the 
basis for further expansionist demands. 

Yugoslavia considers that a solution can only be 
reached by direct negotiation between the two countries; 
while the other side obviously prefers the indirect way 
of ■ "mediation" (or, to be more precise, pressure) by a 
third power. 

A spirit of compromise characterises the Yugoslav 
proposals, while those advanced by the Italians contain 
the maximum demands, and are based on haggling and bar- 
gaining, even including the proferring of new tit-bits 
as enticement, for instance, the offer of economic bene- 
fits for territorial concessions. 

Thus the differences are radical, both as regards 
the ultimate ends and the means adopted for their achieve- 
ment . 






How ev er , in 
of the Yugoslav s 
on countless occa 
are still being c 
of both sides tha 
for all, because 
they will always 
the problem reali 



spite of the fact that the principles 
tandooint have been publicly formulated 
sions, it seems that certain illusions 
herished in Italy, It is the interest 
t these illusions be shattered once 
until they are definitely disposed of, 
prevent the Italians from approaching 
stically. 



In the first place, Italian diplomacy should be 
finally convinced that its method of manoeuvering by 
means of third parties will invariably fail against 
Yugoslavia; even if it is assumed that the mediatory 
power would act in full compliance with Italian wishes. 

Second, it should be finally understood that 
Yugoslavia is not haggling over the Free Territory o± 
Trieste, and that it is not asking for a 100 in order to 
receive 50, but that our country is making proposals 



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TRIESTE SLOVENES LOSING LAND AND 
LIVLIKOOD 



'Borba' on Tuesday detailed the ways in which the 
Italian authorities in the Anglo-American Zone of the 
Eree Territory of Trieste were attempting to alter the 
ethnical composition of the Zone and to denationalise 
the Slovene population of the coastal belt. 

The Slovene population of ..the. .Zone , 'Borba' points 
out, is chiefly engaged in agriculture and fishing. 
To achieve their ends the Italian authorities have been 

acquiring' Slovene land by compulsory purchase on the 
pretext that it was- needed for public purposes. The 
largest track* of land so acquired had been bought for 
the construction of an industrial zone. By these methods 
the Slovene' population has lost more fertile land since 
the war than during the whole pre-war- period of Italian 
rule. 



Slovene fisher 
by the creation of 
were supplied with 
it impossible for .3 
is estimated that t 
fishermen about 500 
settlements of Ital 
Barkovlje and house 
Prosek. The larges 
where it has been b 
Slovene peasants. 



men were being put out of business 
Italian fishing settlements which 
the most modern equipment which made 
lovelies to compete with them. It 
he authorities have given the Italian 

million lire for this purpose, 
ian fishermen are being extended in 
s for 'Italians are being built in 
t of the settlements is at Stivan, 
uilt on land compulsorily acquired from 



Italian schools have been opened in all Slovene 
coastal villages" regardless of whether there are suff- 
icient pupils to justify them. At Stivan, for example, 
the Italian school which was opened there had at first 
only two pupils and later four . Pressure is being 
exerted on Slovene parents to s e,;d their children to 
Italian schools. 

Tourism, too, says 'Borba', is being used to achieve 
Italian penetration. Big new hotels are being erected 
in which Italians onlj' are given jobs. It is interesting 
that Anglo-American hilitary Government covers one-fourth 
of the cost of the building. 

Through a broadly conceived and abundantly financed 
campaign, 'Borba' concludes, preparations have been made 
for the -complete eeonomic ruin of the Slovene population. 



HUNGARY VIOLATES AIRSPACE 



Two Hungarian K.I. 6 15 jet planes on EonCay crossed 
the border near Hor^os, north-east of Subotica, and circled 
over the Yugoslav observation post on the international 





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TANJUG X -PB^ai 

TELEGRAPHIC AGENCY NEW JUGOSLAVIA 

Phone: KEN 3400 London Office: 195 QUEEN'S SATE S.W.7 



*$ 



,/' ■ ■ ?<? -J -4^1 '7 



3- 43^ Vk ;«b jPHaiy ly53 



TivIisSTB FUTURE: AN OFFICIAL DISSOCIATION 



Yugoslav official circles in Belgrade state that 
a report circulated by the United Press, and published 
in some British newspapers, about; the British and American 
intentions regarding the future of Trieste Free Terri- 
tory did not emanate from them and that they dissociate 
themselves from the report. The United Press report 
said that British and American troops would be withdrawn 
from Trieste in the Spring, and that the territory would 
be divided between Yugoslavia and Italy, roughly along 
the line between Zones A and B. 



THE PATRIARCH'S CHRISTIES MESSAGE 



In a Christmas message issued on Monday, the 
Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church called on the 
Orthodox population of Yugoslavia to cherish brotherly 
love and to contribute to strengthening the spirit of 
national unity and concord in the country. This, said 
the message, was essential for the progress of the country 
in peace, and indispensible for the defence of its indep- 
endence and freedom were it threatened. 

"It has not been our practice to threaten the 
peace of others, but experience and history have taught 
us always to be ready to defend peace", says the message, 
which is signed, in addition to the Patriarch, by members 
of the Synod. 



NINE TO TALK T^ALE WITH TURKEY 



The Yugoslav delegation, which has gone to Turkey 
to continue trade talks with that country, consists of 
nine economic experts, headed by the President of the 
Yugoslav Chamber of Commerce, Stane Pav&ic. The talks, 
which wll begin in Ankara on January 12, will probably 
last about a month. 



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MARSHAL TITO ON 



TRIE 



7 3 T E 



AND ITAL0-YUG03LAV 



RELATIONS 



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:.• Eull Text of Speech made at 
Okroglica, on September 6, 1953 




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The pen can only cite facts and 
Igures, give faithful and in- 
pired descriptions of the beau- 
y of Trieste. 

>ut every city has "something" 
hat cannot be put into words, 
hat escapes analysis. In the 
ase of Trieste, this "some- 
Tinp" i be read in the faces 
f h r^ B j ople, in the destiny 
i her geopraphical position, 

i her dedication to and per- 

% ■ 's 

sverance in work, and in the 

. 

gacy of her history. 

city and a port where the 
a routes meet the highways 

Europe, where people of 
fferent races have exchanged 
d integrated t+ieir experien- 
s, creating a new world and 
w wealth: this is Trieste, 
y of the past, the present 
i the future. 



■ • 



I 







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